Country Report Swaziland January 2008

Political structure

Official name

Kingdom of Swaziland

Form of state

Absolute monarchy

Legal system

Parallel systems of Roman-Dutch and customary law

National legislature

A bicameral parliament; the House of Assembly is elected through the tinkhundla electoral system, which has three stages: nomination, primary election and secondary election; a secret ballot is now conducted for the last two stages; the Assembly has 55 elected members and ten royal appointees; the Senate consists of 30 members, 20 of them royal appointees and ten selected by the Assembly; the king may legislate by decree; a new constitution containing a number of small changes to the political system came into effect in February 2006

National elections

Last parliamentary election October 2003; next election scheduled for October 2008

Head of state

Monarch; succession governed by custom

National government

The monarch and his cabinet, appointed in November 2003

Political parties

None; status under the new constitution remains unclear, although some groups are operating openly and have applied for registration

The government

Monarch: Mswati III

Prime minister: Themba Dlamini

Deputy prime minister: Constance Simelane

Key ministers

Agriculture & co-operatives: Mtiti Fakudze

Economic planning & development: Reverend Absalom Dlamini

Education: Themba Msibi

Enterprise & employment: Lutfo Dlamini

Finance: Majozi Sithole

Foreign affairs & trade: Mathendele Dlamini

Health & social welfare: Njabulo Mabuza

Home affairs: Prince Gabheni

Housing & urban development: Mabili Dlamini

Justice & constitutional affairs: Prince David

Natural resources & energy: Dumsile Sukati

Public service & information: S'gayoyo Magongo

Public works & transport: Elijah Shongwe

Tourism, environment & communications: Thandi Shongwe

Central Bank governor

Martin Dlamini

© 2008 The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. All rights reserved
Whilst every effort has been taken to verify the accuracy of this information, The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. cannot accept any responsibility or liability for reliance by any person on this information
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