Country Report Turkey January 2011

Basic data

Land area

783,562 sq km (including lakes and islands), of which 30% arable, 3% orchards, olive groves and vineyards, 26% classified as forest


71,158,000 (mid-year estimate, US Census Bureau)

Main towns

Population (2007 census)

Istanbul: 11,174,257

Ankara (capital): 4,140,890

Izmir: 3,175,133

Bursa: 1,979,999

Adana: 1,611,262


Mediterranean on the south coast, continental inland

Weather in Ankara (altitude 861 metres)

Hottest month, August, 15-31°C (average daily minimum and maximum); coldest month, January, -4-4°C; driest month, August, 10 mm average rainfall; wettest month, December, 48 mm average rainfall




Metric system


Turkish lira. Average exchange rate in 2009: TL1.550:US$1; TL2.159:EUR1


2 hours ahead of GMT; 3 hours ahead in summer

Fiscal year

Calendar year

Public holidays

January 1st; April 23rd; May 19th; three days for Ramadan and four days for Kurban or Eid (dates vary according to the Muslim calendar); August 30th; October 28th (half-day); October 29th

© 2011 The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. All rights reserved
Whilst every effort has been taken to verify the accuracy of this information, The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. cannot accept any responsibility or liability for reliance by any person on this information