The fourth and concluding conference on the Flood Action Plan (FAP), the programme drawn up by the government and the donors after the catastrophic floods of 1987 and 1988 to mitigate the scale of such devastation in the future, was held in Dhaka between November 30 and December 2. The final draft of the main report was presented. The examination of possible ways of managing the annual flood waters has taken five years, at a cost of $150m and appears in the form of 11 main studies and 15 supporting studies. The final draft, Bangladesh Water and Flood Management Strategy, recommends a five-year development programme costing Tk45bn ($1.13bn), which would include projects for river management; coastal protection; flood proofing; flood forecasting, warning and disaster management; urban protection and the environment; and socio- economic development. The key to achieving the aims of the programme is the development of a water management system which will control floods and keep the rivers navigable in the dry season. The direction of water management strategy has moved away from a single grandiose, ambitious and expensive plan to a series of smaller and more limited projects, and the outcome of the FAP deliberations reflects this change.