Country Report Bangladesh January 1996 Main report

Political structure.

Official name: People's Republic of Bangladesh

Form of government: parliamentary democracy following a constitutional amendment in September 1991

The executive: the prime minister is the chief executive and appoints cabinet (Council of Ministers); the president now holds a largely ceremonial post but still appoints members of the judiciary and has the power to dissolve parliament

National legislature: Jatiya Sangshad, unicameral legislature; 300 members directly elected from single territorial constituencies, another 30 seats reserved for women; legislature sits for five years unless dissolved sooner by the president

Last national election: February 1991 (parliamentary)

Next national election: February 15, 1996 (parliamentary)

National government: following the election in February 1991, Begum Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh National Party and its allies emerged with 170 seats in parliament, giving it a majority, and Mrs Zia became prime minister; the last cabinet reshuffle was in June 1995

Main political organisations: Bangladesh National Party (BNP); Awami League (AL--leads alliance of eight parties); Jamaat-e-Islami; Jatiya Party (JP)

President Abdur Rahman Biswas Prime minister & minister of defence & establishment Begum Khaleda Zia Key ministers commerce & information Shamsul Islam communications, railways, roads & highways Oli Ahmed education Zamiruddin Sirkar energy Khondaker Mosharraf Hossain environment & forest Akbar Hossain finance Saifur Rahman food & agriculture Abdul Mannan Bhuiyan foreign affairs A S M Mustafizur Rahman health & family welfare Chowdhury Kamal Ibne Yusuf home affairs Abdul Matin Chowdhury irrigation, flood control & water resources Majid ul-Huq jute A S M Hannan Shah labour & manpower Mir Shawkat Ali law & justice Mirza Gholam Hafiz local government, rural development & Abdus Salam Talukdar cooperatives post & telecommunications Tariq ul-Islam religious affairs Keramat Ali science, technology, civil aviation & Abdul Mannan tourism Governor of Bangladesh Bank Khorshed Alam

© 1996 The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. All rights reserved
Whilst every effort has been taken to verify the accuracy of this information, The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. cannot accept any responsibility or liability for reliance by any person on this information
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