Country Report Bangladesh January 1996 Main report

Political structure.

Official name: People's Republic of Bangladesh

Form of government: parliamentary democracy following a constitutional amendment in September 1991

The executive: the prime minister is the chief executive and appoints cabinet (Council of Ministers); the president now holds a largely ceremonial post but still appoints members of the judiciary and has the power to dissolve parliament

National legislature: Jatiya Sangshad, unicameral legislature; 300 members directly elected from single territorial constituencies, another 30 seats reserved for women; legislature sits for five years unless dissolved sooner by the president

Last national election: February 1991 (parliamentary)

Next national election: February 15, 1996 (parliamentary)

National government: following the election in February 1991, Begum Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh National Party and its allies emerged with 170 seats in parliament, giving it a majority, and Mrs Zia became prime minister; the last cabinet reshuffle was in June 1995

Main political organisations: Bangladesh National Party (BNP); Awami League (AL--leads alliance of eight parties); Jamaat-e-Islami; Jatiya Party (JP)

President Abdur Rahman Biswas Prime minister & minister of defence & establishment Begum Khaleda Zia Key ministers commerce & information Shamsul Islam communications, railways, roads & highways Oli Ahmed education Zamiruddin Sirkar energy Khondaker Mosharraf Hossain environment & forest Akbar Hossain finance Saifur Rahman food & agriculture Abdul Mannan Bhuiyan foreign affairs A S M Mustafizur Rahman health & family welfare Chowdhury Kamal Ibne Yusuf home affairs Abdul Matin Chowdhury irrigation, flood control & water resources Majid ul-Huq jute A S M Hannan Shah labour & manpower Mir Shawkat Ali law & justice Mirza Gholam Hafiz local government, rural development & Abdus Salam Talukdar cooperatives post & telecommunications Tariq ul-Islam religious affairs Keramat Ali science, technology, civil aviation & Abdul Mannan tourism Governor of Bangladesh Bank Khorshed Alam

© 1996 The Economist lntelligence Unit Ltd. All rights reserved
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