Country Report Belarus December 1998 Main report

Political structure.

Official name: Republic of Belarus

Legal system: The constitution adopted in March 1994 was amended by referendum in November 1996 to increase presidential powers and establish a bicameral parliament

National legislature: Bicameral parliament (National Assembly): upper house, Council of the Republic, with 64 members; lower chamber, the House of Representatives, with 110 members

National elections: June 23rd and July 10th 1994 (presidential); May 14th and 28th, November 29th and December 10th 1995 (legislative); next presidential election due in 2001; the date of the next legislative election is to be decided by the president

Head of state: President Alyaksandar Lukashenka, elected with 80% of the popular vote on July 10th 1994

National government: The president appoints the Council of Ministers and has strong executive powers

Main political parties: The registered parties are: Communist Party of Belarus (CPB) and its ally, the Agrarian Party; parties of left-wing orientation include the Party of People's Accord and the Party of All- Belarusian Unity and Accord; parties of pro-reform orientation include the United Civic Party and the Belarusian Social Democratic Union (Gramada); the main opposition party is the Popular Front of Belarus (PFB)

Council of Ministers Prime minister Sergei Ling Deputy prime ministers Vasily Dolgolyov Gennady Novitski Valery Kokorev Vladimir Zamyatalin Key ministers Agriculture Ivan Shakolo Communications Vladimir Goncharenko Defence Alyaksandar Chumakov Economy Vladimir Shymev Education Vasily Strazhev Enterprise & investment Alyaksandar Sazonev Finance Mikolai Korbut Foreign affairs Ural Latypov Fuel & energy Valentin Gerasimev Internal affairs Valentin Agolets Labour Ivan Lyakh Social security Olga Dargel State property & privatisation Vasily Novak Central bank governor Piotr Prakapovich

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